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BIOL 2110 Library Session Fall 2020

Your Assignment

WHAT are you being asked to do?

WHEN is it due?


     Image by PublicDomainPictures from Pixabay

Evaluate Resources

One of the core requirements for your assignment is that you are using a primary research paper.  But what does that actually mean and how can you tell when you are looking at your library search results?

Following are two resources to help you out, they identify key areas you should be considering when you are evaluating resources:

  • The University of Northern Colorado has a brief explanation on how to identify a primary research article 
  • Suffolk University in Boston provides a more detailed explanation and process for determining Is it primary? How do I know? 



Types of Scientific Evidence
Description of different types of scientific evidence ranked by strength

Which resource could I use for my "squirrel hibernation" Journal Club assignment?
Resource 1: 3 votes (5.66%)
Resource 2: 45 votes (84.91%)
Resource 3: 1 votes (1.89%)
Resource 4: 4 votes (7.55%)
Total Votes: 53

Find Information

Finding Science News:

For an accessible summary of the latest science research try browsing a science news website like Science News or LiveScience

Or try searching for an animal by common or genus/species name on Google news


If you find an article for your assignment that MRU doesn't have access to - you can interlibrary loan it by clicking on this link logging in with your myMRU login and password and entering as much information about the article as you can into the request form.

Often ILL can have a document in your email inbox within 2-3 business days of your request!

Find more detail on the use of impact factor for evaluating resources in the 2014 presentation by MRU Librarians to MRU Faculty:  Dirty secrets revealed : Journal publishing and marketing, impact factors and access to scholarship. 

Help for Reading and Citing


  • Identify and acknowledge your sources of information and research
  • Strengthen your academic work: References can strengthen your academic work by demonstrating that the statements you are making are based on evidence.
  • Allow readers to find out more: References allow readers to follow up on points of interest or obtain more detailed information by finding the same resources you used.
  • Avoid plagiarism: If you do not document information sources that are not your own, you are representing someone else’s work as yours. This is plagiarism, whether you have done it intentionally or not.


  • Reference all paraphrased, summarized, or quoted material in your paper. Note: In the sciences, quotations are rarely used.
  • You don’t need to cite facts that are common knowledge, but err on the side of caution. Ask your instructor if you’re uncertain.


  • In the presentation (in-text citations)
  • At the end (reference list)

six steps to paraphrasing

The following APA resources will help you cite in-text, create a reference list, and format your paper:

These guides should answer most of your questions but additional resources are available on the Library's Citation webpage.

Podcast & Presentation Resources

Presentations & Public Speaking:

Tips for Oral Presentations section of the MRU Undergraduate Research Guide contains some helpful advice on public speaking and slide presentations.


If you are looking for more information on how to create a podcast check out the Library's Podcasting Guide.  

The Library's Audacity Guide has tutorials and other information on using this software to create and edit your podcast.

If you require additional assistance in the technical creation of your podcast or with using Audacity, please feel free to email the Library's Audiovisual Media Support: Julia Gunst 

Where to get help!

If you have questions about assignment requirements, due dates, submission, or the science you encounter in this assignment contact your Instructor!

If you have difficulty finding information (either too much or too little), challenges with databases not working, or have questions about citation, please contact me, your Librarian!  My contact details are available on the right-hand side of the page, under my photo.  The best way to reach me these days is by email or using the 'schedule appointment' button under my name. 

You can also get help by clicking on the MRU Library Ask Us chat popup on the lower right-hand side of each of the library webpages

Biology Librarian

Kalen Keavey's picture
Kalen Keavey