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ENGL 0130 - Winter 2022


  1. Objectives
  2. What information do I need to know for this assignment?
  3. How do I find this information?
  4. How do I cite this information?

​​​​​​Class Objectives:

By the end of class, you will:

  1. Find the ENGL 0130 library course guide for this course
  2. Review the assignment instructions
  3. Observe search demonstrations
  4. Review citing common sources using MLA citation format

Assignment Reminders:

Two Parts:  Works Cited / Summary Response

Topic: Pertaining to Rohinton Mistry's "Swimming Lessons"

Works Cited:  MLA 9th edition

  1. Two (2) primary sources i.e., titles of novels, plays, memoirs or collections written by Rohinton Mistry
  2. One (1) encyclopedia entry about Rohinton Mistry
  3. Two (2) scholarly articles from academic journals that comment on Rohinton Mistry's "Swimming Lessons"

How to Save this File to Google Drive:

  1. Open Google Drive - you can get here through MyMRU or you can also access through your own personal gmail
  2. Right-click on My Drive
  3. Choose Upload a File (find your file on the computer)

Primary Sources

Something written by your author, such as a novel, poem, story, play, essay, memoir, or a collection of these.

Secondary Sources

Research and criticism about the primary sources, or about the author of the primary source.

Scholarly Articles and Books

  • top research appears in peer reviewed journal articles, scholarly books, or individual book chapters
  • include in-depth research, analysis, and criticism
  • may explore topics about a single work, or about a set of works, or  an author’s works as a whole, or a particular literary theme

Reference Works 

  • sometimes called background sources, includes encyclopedias, dictionaries, handbooks, or companion guides
  • usually background or introductory information on a topic or person

Scholarly Articles

  • Often referred to as academic, peer-reviewed, or refereed 
  • Written by experts in a particular field
  • Keep others interested in that field up to date on the most recent research and findings. 

What is peer-review?

  • When a source has been peer-reviewed it has undergone the review and scrutiny of a review board of colleagues in the author's field.  They evaluate this source as part of the body of research for a particular discipline and make recommendations regarding its publication in a journal, revisions prior to publication, or, in some cases, reject its publication.

General Characteristics

  1. Author: Expert in the field
  2. Review: Reviewed by other experts (peers)
  3. Audience / Language: Written for scholars and students; uses academic language
  4. Content: Original research and criticism; uses previous research literature for background
  5. Citations: Always
  Academic / Scholarly/ Peer- reviewed Popular / Trade
Author Expert in the field Journalist / Professional Writer
Review Reviewed by other experts (peers) Reviewed by an editor
Audience / Language Written for scholars and students; uses academic language Written for the general public or professionals; uses everyday language
Content Original research and criticism; uses previous research literature for background News and practical information; uses a variety of sources for background
Citations Always Sometimes, rarely, or never

Recognizing Journal Articles

What distinguishes a scholarly source from a popular, non-scholarly source?  Quickly skim the following sources.

Open Paragraphs Don't Always Have to Be Exciting: Non-Scholarly, Popular Source

“This Is Not Enough”: Gesturing Beyond the Aesthetics of Failure in Alice Munro’s “Material”: Scholarly Source (be sure to skim the Full Article via link provided)

MRU Resources Available for MLA

Key example citations
A6, B1, B5, B6, C1
(Remember to apply rules for multiple authors and for online versions).

How do I find the information I need for my MLA citations?

Recognizing the various pieces of publication information required in a citation can be tricky, particularly with electronic sources. The example below highlights the common layout of publication information for a journal article. 
Note that different databases or containers may display information in different places.
screen capture of journal article


The example below highlights the common layout of publication information for an encyclopedia entry. 
Note that different databases or containers may display information in different places, and also that often much more information is provided than is required for citation.

Screen capture of encyclopedia entry

This image highlights the common layout of publication information for a print book, as displayed in MRU's LibrarySearch results screens. For a book in hand, this information will usually be on the back (or verso) of the title page. 

Note that for ebooks, MLA also requires the titile of the database or second container.screen capture print book


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