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How to use this library guide

The following video provides an overview of how to use this library guide.

Developing a research question

Step 1: Start with a broad question

  • How do we develop recreational programming?

Step 2: Brainstorm ways to make your question more specific

  • What is my population group? Is there a location I want to focus on? Where is this programming taking place?

Step 3: Re-write your question to be more specific

Draft question: "How do leisure centres in Calgary develop athletic programming for senior citizens?"

Revised question: How do leisure centres in Calgary measure the success of programming designed for senior citizens?

Step 4: Develop an initial list of search terms to find related literature

Start thinking about alternative terms you might want to search in the library databases. This will help you find the most relevant literature. 

  • Leisure centre = recreation centre, athletic centres
  • Programming = Social programs, athletic programs, clubs, leagues
  • Senior citizens = Elderly, older populations, older adults

Before you start searching, it can be helpful to help identify the key aspects of your question. Consider as well if there are any possible synonyms/related terms for each aspect of your question.

Does athletic identity affect an individual's ability to prepare for life without sport?

Identity - could this also be worded as self concept?

Life without sport - could this also be worded as life after sport, post-competitive, former athlete, career transition, or retirement?

Should professional athletes be idolized or viewed as role models by their fans?

Idol or role model could also be worded as hero

Conducting a literature review

What is a literature review?

How to do a literature review

Advanced search strategies

Search strategies videos


Search Strategies & Literature Reviews page



See the advanced Search "Strategies and Literature Reviews" page for a comprehensive list of search strategies you can use for conducting your literature review.

Finding a research method

Presentation best practices

Before using images in your poster, please ensure you have the right to reproduce the work. Many creators have given permission up front by assigning Creative Commons licenses to their work allowing for reproduction and reuse. Be sure to read the license carefully to ensure your use is permitted. You will also be required to cite your source according to the style you have selected.

Symbols to avoid with CC licenses

 This symbol means no derivatives of the image are allowed

 This images means you must share what you create under a Creative Commons license as well

Potential sources for images