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ENGL 0130 - Fall 2021


  1. Objectives
  2. What information do I need to know for this assignment?
  3. How do I cite this information?
  4. How do I find this information?
  5. Work on assignment

Breakout Link

​​​​​​Class Objectives:

By the end of class, you will be able to:

  1. Find the ENGL 0130 library course guide for this course
  2. Review the assignment instructions
  3. Use at least two search tools to find sources for your annotated bibliography
  4. Cite common sources using MLA citation format

Assignment Reminders:

Two Parts:  Works Cited and Annotated Bibliography

Topic: Choose a Canadian author

Works Cited:  MLA 9th edition

  1. Two (2) primary sources i.e., titles of novels, plays, memoirs or collections written by the author you
    are researching.
  2. One (1) encyclopedia entries about this author’s life and works- using CREDOReference, Oxford Reference, or The Canadian Encyclopedia
  3. Two (2) secondary sources.  These are to be a combination of:
    • A scholarly book about, or that includes a chapter about, your chosen author
    • A scholarly article from academic journals that comment on one or more of the works of this author.  (These cannot be book reviews).


MRU Resources Available for MLA

Key example citations
A6, B1, B5, B6, C1
(Remember to apply rules for multiple authors and for online versions).

Primary Sources

Something written by your author, such as a novel, poem, story, play, essay, memoir, or a collection of these.

Secondary Sources

Research and criticism about the primary sources, or about the author of the primary source.

Scholarly Articles and Books

  • top research appears in peer reviewed journal articles, scholarly books, or individual book chapters
  • include in-depth research, analysis, and criticism
  • may explore topics about a single work, or about a set of works, or  an author’s works as a whole, or a particular literary theme

Reference Works 

  • sometimes called background sources, includes encyclopedias, dictionaries, handbooks, or companion guides
  • usually background or introductory information on a topic or person

  Academic / Scholarly/ Peer- reviewed Popular / Trade
Author Expert in the field Journalist / Professional Writer
Review Reviewed by other experts (peers) Reviewed by an editor
Audience / Language Written for scholars and students; uses academic language Written for the general public or professionals; uses everyday language
Content Original research and criticism; uses previous research literature for background News and practical information; uses a variety of sources for background
Citations Always Sometimes, rarely, or never

Recognizing Journal Articles

What distinguishes a scholarly source from a popular, non-scholarly source?  Quickly skim the following sources.

Open Paragraphs Don't Always Have to Be Exciting: Non-Scholarly, Popular Source

“This Is Not Enough”: Gesturing Beyond the Aesthetics of Failure in Alice Munro’s “Material”: Scholarly Source (be sure to skim the Full Article via link provided)

Less is More: Start with one or two words and then add one additional term at a time

  • stress coping
  • stress coping meditation

Phrase searching: Use "quotation marks" around key ideas made up of multiple words

  • "coping strategies" and depression
  • "time management" and stress
  • very useful when you have a specific title, e.g., "Shake Hands with the Devil"

Truncation: Use an asterisk * to find different endings to your keywords

  • alcohol* = alcoholic, alcoholics, alcoholism
  • priorit* = priority, prioritize, prioritization

Use limits: These refine (narrow) your search using different restrictions

  • Date (last 10 years)
  • Peer-reviewed (for articles)

You can combine all the above in your search:

  • "Robin Williams" alcohol* depression

How do I find the information I need for my MLA citations?

Recognizing the various pieces of publication information required in a citation can be tricky, particularly with electronic sources. The example below highlights the common layout of publication information for a journal article. 
Note that different databases or containers may display information in different places.
screen capture of journal article


The example below highlights the common layout of publication information for an encyclopedia entry. 
Note that different databases or containers may display information in different places, and also that often much more information is provided than is required for citation.

Screen capture of encyclopedia entry

This image highlights the common layout of publication information for a print book, as displayed in MRU's LibrarySearch results screens. For a book in hand, this information will usually be on the back (or verso) of the title page. 

Note that for ebooks, MLA also requires the titile of the database or second container.screen capture print book


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