Before you start searching, it can be helpful to help identify the key aspects of your question. Consider as well if there are any possible synonyms/related terms for each aspect of your question. Your starting question can be broad, but ultimately your goal should be to narrow it down to something you can answer within the scope of your class project.
Step 1: Start with a broad topic of interest
Step 2: Search for literature on your topic
Step 3: Identify a research gap
Step 4: Develop a draft research question
Who is my population group? What parts types of pain is therapeutic taping used for? Is there a specific sport I should focus on? Type of athlete?
Step 5: Refine research question and choose study method
Before you start searching, it can be helpful to help identify the key aspects of your question. Consider as well if there are any possible synonyms/related terms for each aspect of your question.
Does athletic identity affect an individual's ability to prepare for life without sport?
Identity - could this also be worded as self concept?
Life without sport - could this also be worded as life after sport, post-competitive, former athlete, career transition, or retirement?
Should professional athletes be idolized or viewed as role models by their fans?
Idol or role model could also be worded as hero
(Source: Research Gate)
Search different spellings and plural/singular
An asterisk (*) or truncation symbols means I don't care how it ends e.g. sprain*
Use quotation marks "" to search for a particular phrase e.g. "risk taking"
Proximity searching lets you search for two words near each other e.g. ankle N2 sprain* will look for those words within two words of each other in any order
Avoid typing sentences into the search box. Always use AND or OR between different ideas:
Subject headings vs keywords
Natural language words that describe your topic
Pro: Easy to combine terms
Pro: Can search for them anywhere in the source
Con: Can be difficult to narrow results
Con: Might retrieve irrelevant results
Pre-defined vocabulary that describes your topic
Pro: Can quickly rule out irrelevant sources
Pro: Often retrieves more accurate results
Con: Harder to combine terms (need to know which terms exist)
Advanced search tutorial videos
Strategy 1: Carefully review the references of relevant articles you've found
Article: Lohmander, L., Östenberg, A., Englund, M., & Roos, H. (2004). High prevalence of knee osteoarthritis, pain, and functional limitations in female soccer players twelve years after anterior cruciate ligament injury. Arthritis & Rheumatism, 50(10), 3145–3152. https://doi.org/10.1002/art.20589
Strategy 2: Use Google Scholar or Scopus to find out who cited the articles you've found
Citation management tools
Templates for documenting and summarizing literature
The above Google Docs are for you to use.
Instructions: Copy to your Google Drive
Instructions: Download to MS Word (.docx)