Search different spellings and plural/singular
An asterisk (*) or truncation symbols means I don't care how it ends e.g. sprain*
Use quotation marks "" to search for a particular phrase e.g. "risk taking"
Proximity searching lets you search for two words near each other e.g. ankle N2 sprain* will look for those words within two words of each other in any order
Avoid typing sentences into the search box. Always use AND or OR between different ideas:
Locating academic articles
If you want to limit your search to peer-reviewed academic articles, remember to select the "peer-reviewed" filter in the MRU LibrarySearch or any academic database you use.
Subject headings vs keywords
Natural language words that describe your topic
Pro: Easy to combine terms
Pro: Can search for them anywhere in the source
Con: Can be difficult to narrow results
Con: Might retrieve irrelevant results
Pre-defined vocabulary that describes your topic
Pro: Can quickly rule out irrelevant sources
Pro: Often retrieves more accurate results
Con: Harder to combine terms (need to know which terms exist)
You can improve your search results by combining the keywords you brainstorm with the subject headings each database uses to categorize articles. These headings or tags are added to articles to make them easier to find and group.
In Medline/PubMed, the headings are called MESH
In CINAHL, the headings are called CINAHL headings
In SportDiscus, the headings can be found in the Thesaurus.
The following videos demonstrate how to find resources through the MRU LibrarySearch
Other library search tips
The key aspects of an APA citation
Getting citation information from an academic article
Its recommended that you retried the full PDF of an article to get the relevant citation information
Full APA citation
These resources refer to the current 7th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA). Starting in January 2020, we recommend using these 7th edition resources unless your instructor specifies that they will be using the 6th edition in their class.