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Biology 1216 Library Session - Winter 2022

Your Assignment

*** Review your assignment posted on your Blackboard BIOL 1216 course site ***

  • What are your deliverables?
  • When are they due?

The worksheet below is meant to assist you with keeping track of your findings; you can save it as a Google doc to share with your group members. 


Finding Ads with Health Claims

When you are looking for an advertisement, make sure it makes a specific health claim! For example "Milk.  It does a body good" is not making a research-able health claim. The milk ad “3-A-Day. Burn More Fat, Lose Weight” does make a claim that could be investigated for this assignment.

To find an ad for your fitness product or training regime try Google Image Search --> Type in your product/regime name and the word advertisement e.g. gatorade advertisement

You may also need to use Google to search for active ingredients and other properties, as well as searching a product's corporate site (corporate sites are your best bet for active ingredient lists and advertisement claims)

Note: You might also find products/regimens that make health claims in other places, such as print media (magazines, newspapers), videos on youtube, Facebook, Instagram, TikTok, or on a product's website. 

Let's Check-in: Who has their health claim Ad?
Yes! Got it locked down!: 0 votes (0%)
Found a couple but haven't settled on one yet.: 3 votes (15.79%)
No. Still looking...: 16 votes (84.21%)
Total Votes: 19

It will really help you out if you have your ad for the next part of the session. 


Identifying Primary Research

One of the core requirements for your assignment is that you are using a primary research paper.  But what does that actually mean and how can you tell when you are looking at your library search results?

Following are two resources to help you out, they identify key areas you should be considering when you are evaluating resources:

  • The University of Northern Colorado has a brief explanation on how to identify a primary research article 
  • Suffolk University in Boston provides a more detailed explanation and process for determining Is it primary? How do I know? 

Types of Scientific Evidence provides a description of different types of scientific evidence ranked by strength.

Which one of these articles could you use for your assignment?
Article 1: 12 votes (63.16%)
Article 2: 0 votes (0%)
Article 3: 7 votes (36.84%)
Total Votes: 19

Scientific Articles & Background Information

Start your article search in the Library Catalogue

Things to remember when using Library Search:

  1. Sign in to save searches, items, and to request materials.

  2. Use the pin icon to save books and articles. 

  3. Use the filters on the right. You will use Availability, Resource Type, and Date filters most often. Eg: Reference for encyclopedias and dictionaries, Books, Articles, Peer Review etc.

  4. Some items won't be available. You can request unavailable items using interlibrary loan.

  5. When viewing an item record, scroll down to the Get It or Full Text section to get the item.

  6. Use the Virtual Browse when viewing a record of a print book to see books on the same topic

You can search in a way to combine or omit different terms by telling the search engine exactly what you want…this can help you save some time (and frustration!)

Other places to find articles:

If you find an article for your assignment that MRU doesn't have access to - you can interlibrary loan it by clicking on this link logging in with your myMRU login and password and entering as much information about the article as you can into the request form.

Often ILL can have a document in your email inbox within 2-3 business days of your request!

To find additional information on your topic:

Course Lectures & Textbook:






Dictionaries & Encyclopedias:

Check-in Point

Who has found their primary research article?
Yes! Got it locked down!: 0 votes (0%)
Found a couple but haven't settled on one yet.: 1 votes (100%)
No. Still looking...: 0 votes (0%)
Total Votes: 1

Ethical Use of Information

Even though your main deliverable is a PowerPoint, you still need to credit your original sources of information both in text in your slides and with a reference list on the slides at the end of the presentation.  You will have at least an advertisement and a primary research article in your list, but you may also have other resources you will need to cite as well.  


  • Identify and acknowledge your sources of information and research
  • Strengthen your academic work: References can strengthen your academic work by demonstrating that the statements you are making are based on evidence.
  • Allow readers to find out more: References allow readers to follow up on points of interest or obtain more detailed information by finding the same resources you used.
  • Avoid plagiarism: If you do not document information sources that are not your own, you are representing someone else’s work as yours. This is plagiarism, whether you have done it intentionally or not.


  • Reference all paraphrased, summarized, or quoted material in your paper. Note: In the sciences quotations are rarely used.
  • You don’t need to cite facts that are common knowledge, but err on the side of caution. Ask your instructor if you’re uncertain.

To avoid plagiarism when paraphrasing / summarising remember these five important points:

  1. Your paraphrased text should be significantly different from the original (i.e. don't just change a few words here and there)
  2.  You must change the structure of the sentence or paragraph you are paraphrasing, not just the words.
  3.  If you use anyone else's words verbatim (word for word) you need to put quotation marks around it. Warning: Quotations are rarely used in the sciences!
  4. Use proper citation methods (in this case use APA) to give credit for the ideas, opinions or theories you are presenting.
  5. Check that you have preserved the original meaning of the text in your paraphrased version

Paraphrasing and summarising exercises from Purdue University

You can use images to make your podcast introduction/cover etc. more interesting.  Even if you are only using limited visuals you need to ensure you use copyright-friendly images.

  • It is best if you use your own imagespublic domain images or images licensed under a permissive license, such as Creative Commons licenses.
  • Always provide a citation so the source of the image is known.

  • To find copyright-friendly multimedia to use in your presentation try searching here

Find out more: Copyright guide for students

Presentation Resources

Presentations & Public Speaking:

Tips for Oral Presentations section of the MRU Undergraduate Research Guide contains some helpful advice on public speaking.

Where to get help!

Questions about assignment requirements, due dates, submission, or the science you encounter in this assignment contact your Instructor!

Having difficulty finding information (either too much or too little), challenges with databases not working, or have questions about citation, please contact your Librarian

You can also get help by clicking on the MRU Library Ask Us chat popup on the lower right-hand side of each of the library webpages

Biology Librarian

Profile Photo
Kalen Keavey

Phone: 403.440.8516
Office: EL4423O