In all academic assignments, you must properly cite all ideas and work you use that are not your own to ensure the integrity of your work. Citations also strengthen your work as they show the effort you put into your research, and add context to your argument.
Under the Code of Student Conduct failure to cite properly is an academic offense and constitutes plagiarism. Plagiarism is copying someone else's work, words, or ideas and representing them as your own without giving credit to the author.
Plagiarism in an academic offense; consequences can include failure of and expulsion from a course.
The library is here to help with citation:
A note about citation style guidelines: Many citation format guidelines are open to interpretation. For this reason your instructor is the final authority of the subject of citation for any given assignment.
Angelou, M. [DrMayaAngelou]. (2013, June 9). You can only become truly accomplished at something you love [Tweet]. Retrieved from https://twitter.com/DrMayaAngelou/status /343844424767389696/
Gates, B. [BillGates]. (2013, February 26). #Polio is 99% eradicated. Join me & @FCBarcelona as we work to finish the job and #EndPolio. VIDEO: http://b-gat.es/X75Lvy [Tweet]. Retrieved from https://twitter.com/BillGates/status/306195345845665792
Gaiman, N. [Neil]. (2012, February 29). Please celebrate Leap Year Day in the traditional manner by taking a writer out for dinner. It’s been four years since many authors had a good dinner. We are waiting. Many of us have our forks or chopsticks at the [Facebook status update]. Retrieved from https://www.facebook.com/neilgaiman/posts/10150574185041016
Gates, B. (2017, February 27). I’m Bill Gates, co-chair of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Ask me anything [Online forum]. Retrieved from https://www.reddit.com/r/IAmA/comments/5whpqs/im_bill_gates_cochair_of_the_bill_melinda_gates/
Rampersad, T. (2005, June 8). Re: Traditional knowledge and traditional cultural expressions [Online forum comment]. Retrieved from World International Property Organization website: http://www.wipo.int/roller/comments/ipisforum/weblog /theme_eight_how_can_cultural#comments
49metal. (2016). Re: Are you dating a psychopath? [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com
MiddleKid. (2007, January 22). Re: The unfortunate prerequisites and consequences of partitioning your mind [Blog comment]. Retrieved from http://scienceblogs.com/pharyngula/2007/01/the_unfortunate_prerequisites.phpReddit Comment
00mba. (n.d.) Re: Injured mountain bike rider's story continues to fall apart. [Online forum comment]. Retrieved from https://www.reddit.com/r/Calgary/comments/6n2y4n/injured_mountain_bike_riders_story_continues_to/dk6c12y/
National Geographic. (2012, November 20). A supertelephoto lens allowed Colleen Pinski to capture this image of an annual solar eclipse. See more top shots: http://on.natgeo.com/UasjJH [Photograph]. Retrieved from https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10151148294503951&set=pb.23497828950.-2207520000.1357225190
Justin Trudeau [justinpjtrudeau]. (2018, April 8). A wonderful conversation with the Queen ahead of #CHOGM18 today. It’s always a privilege to discuss the state of the world, and benefit from her wisdom and insight. [Photograph]. Retrieved from https://www.instagram.com/p/Bhuy8A1BB5v/?hl=en&taken-by=justinpjtrudeau
U.S. Census Bureau. (2012, October 10). [Pathways after a bachelor’s degree in psychology: Educational attainment, common occupations, and synthetic work-life earnings and estimates] [Infographic]. Retrieved from https://www.facebook.com/photo.php ?fbid=10151027855527364&set=a.10151027848052364.407698.202626512363
Please note that these APA citations do not have a hanging indent. Your citations should.
If retrieved from collections of proceedings:
Author(s). (Year, Month). Title of paper. Name of Larger Conference Proceedings Site. Retrieved from URL
MacMillan, M., & Mackenzie, A. (2012, June). Strategies for integrating information literacy and academic literacy: Helping undergraduate students make the most of scholarly articles. Proceedings, 33rd Annual IATUL Conference. Retrieved from http://docs.lib.purdue.edu/iatul/2012/papers/16/
If retrieved from other kinds of websites (author's sites etc.):
McGillicuddy, C. (2012, September). Chocolate as anxiety-reduction mechanism for stressed out students. Paper presented at the Fifth Canadian Conference on Chocolate-Related Self-Care, Calgary, Canada. Retrieved from http://www.mcgill.ca/~mcgillicuddy/chocoholicsmuch.htm
*Note the inclusion of the CPRS/IABC Catalog number to make the document easier to find.
Author(s). (Year). Title. Description. (CPRS /IABC Catalog Number). Retrieved from URL [if online]
If using a print version:
Emerson, J. (2002). Ontario Dental Hygienists Association 2001 public awareness campaign. Work sample submitted for accreditation by the Canadian Public Relations Society. (CPRS Catalog No. 1-07-EME/01).
If only using the summary:
McGillicuddy, J. (2014). Social media strategy to inform students about changes to APA. Summary of work sample submitted for award by the Canadian Public Relations Society. (CPRS Catalog No. 1-07-EME/01). Retrieved from http://www.mtroyal.ca/library/inc/cprs/pdfs/7-01-MCG-13%20McGillicuddy,%20Jim.pdf
If using the entire online version:
Hepplethwaite-Framinton, B. (2014). Strategic plan for enhancing the likability of APA's Facebook presence: An uphill battle. Work sample submitted for accreditation by the Canadian Public Relations Society. (CPRS Catalog No. 1-07-EME/01). Retrieved from http://www.mtroyal.ca/library/inc/cprs
Author(s). (Year). Title. (Type, Insitution). Retrieved from URL
McGillicuddy, C. (2009). Chocolate in the lives of undergraduates: an exploratory study of narratives and dreams (Master’s thesis, University of Claresholm). Retrieved from http://dspace.uclaresholm.ca/7859.07
If the item is an article or news item, cite as you would articles from other databases. If the item is a case study, or a WARC-generated piece, follow the examples below: